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HOME STRUCTURE OF THE ELECTRON QUARK THEORY GRAVITY ARTICLES IMPRESSUM # Fine Structure Constant

The fine structure - or coupling - constant is one of the biggest mysteries of physics of the last decades.

The current descriptions and explanations (according to the Wikipedia page on the subject and various findings and interpretations) are strictly empirical. There are at least seven possible physical interpretations on this wikipedia page for the physical meaning of the fine structure constant.

The approach of the circulating electromagnetic wave model of the electron on this website (submitted for publication) derives the simple formula for the fine structure constant with a clear physical concept.

The ratio of the field energy responsible for the charge to the total particle rest energy is the dimensionless figure 1/137, which is identical in value and formula to the fine structure or coupling constant.

The fraction 1/X of the field energy of the electron that forms the external charge to the total field energy can be calculated. The electron is regarded as sphere capacitor with the stored energy E = 1/2 Q2 /C. . With the capacity , the charge Q is With the values for the de Broglie frequency , the electron radius determined above and the factor 1/X = 1/137, the electron charge is calculated correctly to 1.603 10-19 C. The dimensionless fraction 1/X equals the fine structure constant .

If the known formula of is inserted into the above equation, the product inside the root equals to and Q = e. The coupling constant perfectly confirms the current model.

Above approach is regarded the quantum realistic origin and meaning of the coupling - or fine structure constant as the ratio of the electric field energy forming the charge of the electron to the total field energy .
The most recent elaborated papers submitted for publication see this page on the right side on the electron or on the quark.

This physical approach for the origin of the fine structure constant is simple and gives a definition that does not rely on the interaction between a photon and the electron.

From the spin the electric charge and the electron radius can be calculated.

see the page on the Structure of the Electron.

or see the page on the Structure of Nucleons and Quarks.

 Structure of the Electron - Correlation of Elementary Charge with Spin in a Singularity Free Electron Model read more This work on the structure of the electron has been submitted to scientific journals in serveral versions.
 Structure of the Quark, Structure of Nucleons and Quarks - Correlation of Proton Mass with Electron Mass read more The work on the composition of the nucleons and quarks has been submitted to a scientific journal, too. Find here the latest version of the submitted paper on the nucleon and quark substructure. Web Counter by www.webcounter.goweb.de